Advanced Biomedical Research

CASE REPORT
Year
: 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 75-

Pancytopenia without hepatosplenomegaly: A rare manifestation of extrapulmonary tuberculosis in an adolescent boy


K Sushrith Kumar Yadav1, Aman Kumar Agrawal1, Seba Ranjan Biswal1, Pragnya Panda2, Prateek Kumar Panda3, Indar Kumar Sharawat3 
1 Department of Pediatrics, Kalinga Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhubaneshwar, Odisha, India
2 Department of Medicine, SCB Medical College, Cuttack, Odisha, India
3 Department of Pediatrics, Pediatric Neurology Division, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Prateek Kumar Panda
Department of Pediatrics, Pediatric Neurology Division, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rishikesh - 249 203, Uttarakhand
India

Extrapulmonary tuberculosis (TB) is a well-recognized cause of pyrexia of unknown origin. However, clinical presentation of TB in children with isolated hematological abnormalities is extremely rare. Anemia, usually normocytic, normochromic, leukopenia, leukocytosis, thrombocytopenia, thrombocytosis, and monocytosis are more common complications of TB rather than pancytopenia. Only anecdotal case reports and small case series are available in this regard. We are reporting an 18-year-old boy who presented with on and off low-grade fever for 3 months and anorexia and progressive pallor for 1 month. After extensive workup, pancytopenia remained unexplained. Bone marrow (BM) examination revealed caseating granulomas, along with Mantoux positivity and contact with sputum-positive pulmonary TB. He responded favorably to antitubercular therapy (ATT) within 2 months. This report alerts clinicians to be vigilant regarding the rare possibility of BM TB while investigating unexplained pancytopenia, as it is completely reversible with ATT.


How to cite this article:
Yadav K S, Agrawal AK, Biswal SR, Panda P, Panda PK, Sharawat IK. Pancytopenia without hepatosplenomegaly: A rare manifestation of extrapulmonary tuberculosis in an adolescent boy.Adv Biomed Res 2020;9:75-75


How to cite this URL:
Yadav K S, Agrawal AK, Biswal SR, Panda P, Panda PK, Sharawat IK. Pancytopenia without hepatosplenomegaly: A rare manifestation of extrapulmonary tuberculosis in an adolescent boy. Adv Biomed Res [serial online] 2020 [cited 2021 May 18 ];9:75-75
Available from: https://www.advbiores.net/article.asp?issn=2277-9175;year=2020;volume=9;issue=1;spage=75;epage=75;aulast=Yadav;type=0