Effects of the schema therapy and mindfulness on the maladaptive schemas hold by the psoriasis patients with the psychopathology symptoms
Parvin Jamali Gojani1, Mohsen Masjedi2, Shahnaz Khaleghipour3, Ehsan Behzadi4
1 Department of Clinical Psychology, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, IR Iran
2 Department of Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, IR Iran
3 Department of Psychology, Naein Branch, Islamic Azad University, Naein, IR Iran
4 Medical Students' Research Committee, Faculty of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, IR Iran
Department of Clinical Psychology, Naein Branch, Islamic Azad University, Naein, Isfahan
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
Background: This study aimed to compare the effects of the schema along with mindfulness-based therapies in the psoriasis patients.
Materials and Methods: This semi-experimental study with post- and pre-tests was conducted on the psoriasis patients in the Dermatology Clinic of the Isfahan Alzahra Hospital, Iran using the convenience sampling in 2014. The patients had a low general health score. The experimental groups included two treatment groups of schema-based (n = 8) and mindfulness (n = 8). Both groups received eight 90-min sessions therapy once a week; they were compared with 8 patients in the control group. To evaluate the psoriasis patients' maladaptive schema, Young schema questionnaire was used. Data were analyzed through the covariance analysis test.
Results: There was a significant difference between the schema-based therapy and mindfulness groups with the control group. There was also a significant difference between the schema-based therapy groups consisting of the defeated schema, dependence/incompetence schema, devotion schema, stubbornly criteria schema, merit schema, restraint/inadequate self-discipline schema, and the control group. Moreover, a significant difference existed between the maladaptive schema of mindfulness therapy group and the controls. There was a significant difference concerning the improvement of the psychopathologic symptoms between the mindfulness therapy group and the control group.
Conclusions: This study showed similar effects of both the schema and mindfulness-based therapies on the maladaptive schemas in improving the psoriasis patients with the psychopathologic symptoms.