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Year : 2023  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 145

A study to assess and correlate metabolic parameters with carotid intima-media thickness after combined approach of yoga therapy among prediabetics

Department of Physiology, Rajasthan University of Health Sciences, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sudhanshu Kacker
Department of Physiology, Rajasthan University of Health Sciences, Jaipur - 302 033, Rajasthan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/abr.abr_146_22

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Background: Prediabetes is an intermediate hyperglycemia in which the fasting blood glucose (FBG) level is greater than normal (100–125 mg/dl) but lower than diabetic levels (more than 125 mg/dl). The aim of the present study was to evaluate and correlate the impact of the combined approach of yoga therapy (CAYT) on carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) and metabolic parameters including FBG, glycated hemoglobin (HbA1C), and lipid profile-like triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), and high-density lipoprotein (HDL). Materials and Methods: Experimental Interventional study was conducted on a total of 250 prediabetics divided into the control (n = 125) and study group (n = 125) at “RUHS College of Medical Sciences and associated hospitals.” Assessments were made at baseline and after six months of the CAYT. The study group (n = 125) was engaged in the CAYT, which consists of yoga, dietary modification, counseling, and follow-up. The control group not participated in CAYT. Result: Mean age of participants was 45.3 ± 5.4 years. Pearson correlation analysis of CIMT and metabolic parameters which were fasting blood sugar, HbA1C, and lipid parameters (TC, TG, and HDL) showed that significant positive correlation with FBG (r = .880), HbA1C (r = .514), TC (r = .523), TG (r = .832), and negative correlation with HDL (r = ˗0.591) after six months of CAYT. Conclusion: This study demonstrated that after six months of CAYT metabolic parameters, CIMT were significantly decreased. We have observed a significant correlation exists between CIMT and metabolic parameters. Therefore, regular CIMT measurement might be beneficial for the assessment of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk and facilitate better use of treatment modalities in prediabetics.

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