Users Online: 198
Home Print this page Email this page
Home About us Editorial board Search Browse articles Submit article Ahead of Print Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 189

Pitfalls in molecular diagnosis of 21-hydroxylase deficiency in congenital adrenal hyperplasia


1 Department of Genetics and Molecular Biology, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
2 Department of Genetics and Molecular Biology, School of Medicine, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Hossein Khanahmad
Department of Genetics and Molecular Biology, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan
Iran
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: Nil., Conflict of Interest: There are no conflicts of interest.


DOI: 10.4103/2277-9175.164009

Rights and Permissions

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is a putative error of metabolism with autosomal recessive heredity pattern. The main manifestations of classic form of CAH are salt-wasting, dehydration and simple virilization in both sexes and ambiguous genitalia in female gender. 21-hyroxylase (CYP21A2) impairment with prevalence value of 1 in 10,000–15,000 live births is the most common etiology of CAH. Because of consanguineous marriages, the frequency of the CAH in Iran is very high. A wide range of mutations diversity exists in CYP21A2 gene and a large number of these mutations derived from a highly homologous pseudogene, CYP21A1P, through gene conversion. In addition, new mutations such as small and large deletion and point mutations can also result in enzyme deficiency. Various methods for mutation detection were performed. The main obstacle in molecular diagnosis of CAH is amplification of pseudogene during polymerase chain reaction of CYP21A2. All attempts focus on discrimination of pseudogene from gene; that is why, there is the majority of mutations on pseudogene, and if we have contamination with the pseudogene, the result will be unreliable. Here, we discuss this methods and advantage and disadvantage of those.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed1402    
    Printed27    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded333    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal