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  Indian J Med Microbiol
 

Figure 2: Effects of lipopolysaccharide and pentoxifylline on relative gene expression of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (a) and caspase-3 (b) in rat hippocampus. The extent of expression was measured by real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. The messenger RNA expression data were normalized to the beta-actin (ACTB) signal. Fold changes relative to the control are presented. Mean ± standard error of mean values of experiments are shown. *P < 0.05, **P, < 0.01, and ***P < 0.001 with respect to the control group; +P < 0.05 and ++P < 0.01, and +++P < 0.001 with respect to the lipopolysaccharide group (n = 10)

Figure 2: Effects of lipopolysaccharide and pentoxifylline on relative gene expression of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (a) and caspase-3 (b) in rat hippocampus. The extent of expression was measured by real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. The messenger RNA expression data were normalized to the beta-actin (ACTB) signal. Fold changes relative to the control are presented. Mean ± standard error of mean values of experiments are shown. *<i>P</i> < 0.05, **<i>P</i>, < 0.01, and ***<i>P</i> < 0.001 with respect to the control group; <sup>+</sup><i>P</i> < 0.05 and <sup>++</sup><i>P</i> < 0.01, and <sup>+++</sup><i>P</i> < 0.001 with respect to the lipopolysaccharide group (<i>n</i> = 10)