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Year : 2012  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 19

Assessment of relationship between active ulcerative colitis and cytomegalovirus infection among Iranian patients

1 Department of Pathology, Isfahan University of Medical Science, Isfahan, Iran
2 Department of Gastroenterology, Isfahan University of Medical Science, Isfahan, Iran
3 Master Science of Medical Microbiology, Infectious and Tropical Diseases Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Science, Isfahan, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Azita Rafiee
Resident of pathology, Department of pathology, School of medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Science, Isfahan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2277-9175.98118

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Introduction: It has been previously reported that ulcerative colitis (UC) could be associated with cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection. There is controversy among different studies; however, this study is conducted in Isfahan. We evaluated the frequency distribution of CMV infection in Iranian patients with active UC comparison to normal individuals. Materials and Methods: This case-control study was conducted on 22 patients with active UC and 22 age- and sex-matched controls (F: M = 1). Samples were taken from colonoscopic specimens and tested with sensitive primers of the CMV using the polymerase chain reaction method, the most sensitive method for detecting CMV infection. Results: Patients and controls were similar in age (35.9 ± 11.03 years in the case and 40.8 ± 11.3 years in the control group) P=0.153. CMV DNA was found in 13.6% of the subjects in each group; therefore, total percentage of CMV infection was 13.6%. Six cases with CMV infection were three males and three females with age of 38.5 ± 11.02 years (compared to 38.3 ± 11.5 years in noninfected subjects P=0.968). Conclusion: In our study, Iranian patients with active UC did not have a higher rate of CMV infection than controls.

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